Pediatric neurosurgery in Delhi includes evaluation, diagnosis, surgical and non-surgical treatment, critical care, and rehabilitation of children with disorders of the nervous system. If a child has problems involving the head, spine, or nervous system, a pediatric neurosurgeon in Delhi will be the specialist who will be able to treat a child with the necessary academic experience and training.
The neurological problems treated by pediatric neurosurgeons are quite different from those faced by neurosurgeons treating adults or generals. Pediatric neurosurgical problems are often present for life, and children with nervous system problems require close and continuous monitoring during childhood and adolescence. The most common diseases are deformities of the head or spine, problems and injuries to the brain, spinal cord or nerve injuries, and birth injuries or birth defects.
What are the conditions treated in pediatric neurosurgery in Delhi?
Pediatric neurosurgeons treat the following conditions:
- Brain and spinal tumors
- Head and spinal trauma
- Intracranial infections requiring surgery
- Chiari Malformations
- Neurovascular conditions
- Hydrocephalus and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) alternations
- Spina bifida, complex spinal dysraphism and spinal lipomas
- Drug-resistant epilepsy
- Simple and complex craniofacial abnormalities: craniosynostosis
How are pediatric brain tumors different from adult brain tumors?
There are many different types of tumors depending on their location and the treatments used to treat them. Most tumors in children develop in the back of the brain (the posterior fossa), and most tumors in adults occur in the cerebral hemispheres. Most brain tumors that develop in adults spread from other parts of the body. In children, brain tumors usually start in the brain.
How can parents know if they need to see a pediatric neurosurgeon?
Children are referred to a specialist by their pediatrician. This happens if the pediatrician appreciates that the child’s head is not growing correctly or if the child has birthmarks on the lower back and they should not appear in this area. Perhaps the child is not developing properly.
What are the surgical procedures done?
Microsurgery for Brain Tumor
Through microsurgical technique, resection of intracranial tumors with preservation of normal brain tissue is possible
The brain has cavities filled with cerebrospinal fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) that are called cerebral ventricles. Through a small perforation in the skull (trepanation), the endoscope is introduced in a safe and minimally invasive manner until it reaches the cerebral ventricles. The image is transferred by an optical system to a monitor installed in the operating room, through which the neurosurgeon guides himself to perform the surgery. Several procedures can be performed using this technique: resection or biopsy of intraventricular tumors, removal or fenestration of cysts, treatment of congenital malformations, treatment of neurocysticercosis, ventricular lavage, septostomy in the treatment of ventriculitis (infections of the brain cavities) However, the most performed surgery using this technique is the third ventriculostomy for the treatment of hydrocephalus.
Cranioplasty and correction of craniostenosis
The cranial box has the function of protecting the brain, but it also has significant aesthetic value. Combining technique, technology and aesthetic perception; excellent functional and plastic results are currently obtained. The correction of craniostenosis, or craniosynostosis, and cranial defects, in general, should be performed early to promote better brain function, to acquire a better aesthetic effect and to avoid problems of social acceptance of the child.